Submission Guideline

Articles to be published in the Electronic Journal of Social Sciences (SBedergi) should be written in Microsoft Word in Turkish or English.

The language and expression of the studies submitted to the journal should be clear and understandable, in accordance with scientific standards. “Oxford English Dictionary (” should be taken as reference in the writing of words for studies written as English, “Turkish Language Institution Dictionaries (” should be used in writing the words for studies written as Turkish.

1. The title of the study should be written on the first page, centered in 14 font (bold) size and all capitalized

2. Under the title, the authors' first and last names should be written, followed by their degree, place of duty and e-mail addresses, along with ORCID numbers in 10 font.

3. The articles should include English (Abstract), consisting of at least 100 and at most 200 words.

4. Keywords should be written as minimum 3 and maximum 5 words and should be English (Keywords) titles.

5. Abstract title should be written as 11 font (left-leaning), abstracts (English) and keywords should be written as 10 font with 1.15 line spacing 

6. The text is written A4 in size, “Times New Roman” in 12 font characters with 1.5 lines spaced and leaning both sideways. Direct citations should be given in italics and quotes

7. Paragraph Spacing: First 6 pt - then 6 pt.

8. Margins: top margin: 3 cm, Left Margin: 3 cm, bottom margin: 3 cm, right margin: 3 cm should be arranged.

9. Paragraph indentation: text should not have paragraph indentation, footnotes should be 0.4 cm.

10. The main headings and subheadings in the article should be bold and left-aligned (non-indented), and it should be numbered as 1.1., 1.1.1., 1.1.2., The paragraph spacing of the main headings should be arranged first in 12 nk, then 6 nk, and the sub-headings before and after 6 nk.

11. The headings of “Introduction” and “Conclusion” should not be included in the numbering. All letters of the main titles should be capitalized in the article. The initials of the subtitles should be capitalized. A single space should be left before the main headings, no spaces should be left after the heading. No line spaces should be left before and after the subheadings.

12. The titles of visual objects (table, figure, picture, photo, etc.) should be written in capital letters and the title should be 11 fonts (bold) above the visual object. 6pt space should be left before and after the paragraph and should be written both sideways leaning. The title of the visual object should be written both sides aligned with 1 line spacing. The text in the table and figure should be a single line space and 8-10 fonts with Times New Roman character. Explanations and references for the table and figure should be given under the table and figure as 10 fonts, 3 pt space before and after the paragraph

13. Articles should be prepared in the style of American Psychological Association (APA 6) for reference system, footnote format and bibliography

14. References in the text should be made in the form of the surname of the author/authors, the year of the source and the page number. If there is no author name, the institution name should be used instead of the author.

Cited in single author publications: (Acehan, 2018: 301).

Cited in double authors publications: (Karaman and Lulacı, 2019: 75).

Cited in more than two authors publications: (Kesgin, et al., 2018: 445).

If the author's name is mentioned in the sentence, it should be cited as follows.

  • According to Demir (2018:327)

15. A list of all the references cited should be provided in the “REFERENCES” title at the end of the text. The resources used are prepared alphabetically according to the author's surname order, regardless of quality (thesis, book, article, report etc.). References should be started with the first line justified to the left, and the next lines 1.25 cm inside from the left.

  • Article

Sigala, M. (2014). Customer Involvement in Sustainable Supply Chain Management: A Research Framework and Implications in Tourism. Cornell Hospitality Quarterly, 55(1), 76–88

  • Book

Hall, C. M., & Gössling, S. (Eds.). (2006). Global Environmental Change. London: Routledge

  • Book Chapter

Chell, E. (2009). Introduction and Overview to the Entrepreneur and Entrepreneurial Process. In I. Ateljevic, & S. Page (Eds.), Tourism and Entrepreneurship (pp. 33-51). Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann

  • Translated Books

Coelho, P. (1993). The alchemist (A. Clarke, Trans.). New York, NY: HarperCollins.

  • Unpublished Master's / Doctoral Thesis

Rahman, M. (2013). Using authentic materials in the writing classes: Tertiary level scenario. (Unpublished master's thesis). BRAC University, Mohakhali, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

  • Electronic Resources

Hurriyet (2020). Tatilciler 'güvenli sertifikalı' otellerden memnun. Url: (Accessed on 01.08.2020).

  • Newspapers

Schwartz, J. (1993, September, 30). Obesity Affects Economic, Social Status. The Washington Post.

  • Official Institutions

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health. (2017). NIH Turning Discovery into Health. (NIH Publication No. 11-7634).

  • Company and Sector Reports

Vuong, B. (2018, Kasım). IBISWorld Industry Report OD5381. Coffee Shops in Australia. Retrieved from IBISWorld Database