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ASSESSMENT THROUGH THE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN THE EUROPEAN UNION-TURKEY DURING 12TH SEPTEMBER COUP D’ETAT AND 15TH JULY COUP ATTEMPT


Although Turkey tries to progress towards becoming a democratic and Western state, it has been seized by some initiatives and democratic structure for a period of time. At the same time, relations between Turkey's foreign policy and the actors of the international system have become stagnant and damaged. The army, which seized power after the military coup on 12 September 1980, declared that the status quo will continue in foreign policy and stressed that relations should be further developed. Despite this, relations with the EU have not been at the desired level and have worsened. For example, on April 10, 1981, the European Parliament adopted a decision to apply the attitude applied to Greece to Turkey in the junta period if the democratic structure before the coup was not returned in Turkey within two months. According to this decision, in March 1982, the Partnership was suspended indefinitely. After the unsuccessful coup attempt on July 15, 2016, the EU denounced this initiative in Turkey and said that Turkey should enter the current democratic process as soon as possible. On July 24, 2016, the European Parliament recommended Turkey to suspend the negotiation process until the current constitutional order date, due to Turkey did not consider this warning. However, this recommendation was rejected by the Council of Ministers of the EU and emphasized that negotiations with Turkey should continue. Similarly, on 13 December 2016 at the EU Foreign Ministers' meeting, European Parliament and Austria's decisions to stop negotiations with Turkey were rejected. At the meeting, stating that close relations with Turkey should be established, it was decided not to open a new negotiation heading with Turkey while rejecting the decision to freeze membership negotiations. In this context, this study will discuss the relationship between Turkey and the EU after the September 12 coup d'etat and the July 15 coup attempt. The main problem of the work is the suspension of the relations between the EU and Turkey after the September 12 coup, d’etat but the reasons for the withdrawal of relations after the coup attempt on 15 July will be the reasons. When this situation is analyzed, an analysis will be made by evaluating the economic and political structure of the EU, the economic and political structure of Turkey and the international conjuncture. In this study, the decisions taken by the EU institutions and the institutions in Turkey, the survey on the subject clearer assessment will be done by induction through basic texts such results, the objective will be reached and the original information.


Keywords


Yazar: - Ekrem Yaşar AKÇAY
Sayfa Sayısı: 393-414
DOI:
Tam Metin:
Sosyal Bilimler Elektronik Dergisi
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